Saint Bartholomew, Apostle
79 The Roman city of Herculaneum
was completely buried in volcanic ash by the volcanic eruption
of Mount Vesuvius.
410 Alaric I (ca.
370–410), leader of the Visigoths,
attacked the city of Rome in retaliation for Rome's refusal
to grant the Goths the land on which they wanted to settle
1456 The second volume of the Gutenberg
Bible was bound in Mainz, Germany.
1572 Five thousand Huguenots and other
Protestants were killed in the
Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre in Paris.
1662 The deadline arrived for all British
ministers to publicly assent to the Book of Common Prayer
(BCP). The Act
of Uniformity, passed on 19 May 1662, also required the
BCP to be used exclusively from this date forward.
John Owen (b. 1616), English Puritan theologian, died.
Ahasuerus Fritsch, German hymnologist, died (b. 16
December 1629, Mücheln, Germany).
William Wilberforce, English philanthropist and vocal
abolitionist, was born in Hull, Yorkshire (d. 29 July 1833).
Samuel Stennett, hymnist and dissenting English
(non-Anglican) clergyman, died (b. 1 June 1727).
Erland Carlsson, president of the Augustana Synod, was
born in Suletorp, Smaaland, Sweden (d. 19 October 1893).
Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Iowa and Other States was
organized at Saint Sebald, Iowa, by German Lutheran
emissaries of Wilhelm Loehe.
Synod of Central Illinois was organized at Mount
Pulaski, Illinois, by men of Illinois Synod I who wished to
remain with the General Synod when their group joined the
William Fry (b. 30 May 1838), English Salvation Army worker
and hymnist, died.
Stephen Return Riggs, missionary to the Dakota Indians,
died (b. 23 March 1812, Steubenville, Ohio).
Paul Edward Kretzmann, theologian, hymn translator and
professor at Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) was born in
Farmers' Retreat, Dearborn County, Indiana (d. 13 July
Richard J. Cushing, American Roman Catholic leader, was
born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2 November 1970).
Georg Martin Grossmann, who helped organize the Iowa
Synod, died (b. 18 October 1823, Grossbieberau, Hesse-Darmstadt).
1901 Walter R. Roehrs was born in Clinton,
Wisconsin (d. 29 February 1996, Keller, Texas). He graduated
from Concordia College (Milwaukee) in 1920 and from
Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1925. He continued his
education at the University of Chicago, earning his M.A. in
1926. He was ordained at Grace Lutheran Church in Western
Ridge and served as pastor there until 1930. He then became
professor at Saint Paul’s College (Concordia, Missouri). He
received his Ph.D. in 1934. In 1941 he was called to
Concordia Teachers College (River Forest, Illinois), and in
1944 he was called to the Saint Louis seminary, where he
remained active until 1968. He served as a member of the
Missouri Synod's Commission on Theology and Church
Relations, its Literature Committee, the staff of Concordia
Publishing House and as editor of the
Concordia Theological Monthly. He retired in 1969.
Ernest Warburton Shurtleff (b. 4 April 1862), American
Congregational clergyman and hymnist, died.
1964 The first Roman Catholic mass
conducted completely in English was celebrated in Saint
Louis, Missouri, in Kiel Auditorium. The service was
conducted by the Rev. Frederick Richard McManus of the
Catholic University of America.