First Council of Nicea closed.
Louis IX of France died on a crusade in Tunis (b. 25
Philipp Melanchthon (1497–1560)
joined the Wittenberg faculty as chair of Greek.
1560 Led by John Knox
(ca. 1514–1572), the reformed Church
of Scotland was established on Protestant lines.
William C. Berkenmeyer, Lutheran pastor and leader, died
(b. 14[?] April 1687, Bodenteich, Lüneburg).
Lewis Eichelberger, General Synod professor, was born in
Frederick County, Maryland (d. 16 September 1859).
1817 German clergyman
Josef Mohr (1792–1848), author
of "Silent Night," began his assistant pastorate at Saint
Nicholas Church in Oberndorf, Austria.
Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg Jr., professor at various
Lutheran colleges, was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania (d.
21 March 1901).
Jacob M. Buehler (1837–1901)
arrived in San Francisco to begin Lutheran mission work.
William John Copeland, hymn translator, died at Farnham,
Essex, England (b. 1 September 1804, Chigwell, Essex,
1896 Herman John Rippe was born in New
York City (d 21 August 1969). He was a graduate of Concordia
Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1918 and became an assistant
professor at the Concordia Institute (Bronxville, New York).
After he received an A.M. degree from Columbia University,
he became a full professor at Bronxville in 1920. From 1940
until his retirement in 1966 he was pastor of Trinity
Lutheran Church, Long Island City, New York, and served as
president of the Atlantic District from 1942 to 1960.
1940 Emmanuel A. Mayer, pastor at Saint
Lorenz (Frankenmuth, Michigan) and Michigan District (LCMS)
president, died (b. 12 August 1859, Mannheim, Germany). He
came to the U.S. through the influence of Friedrich Brunn of
Steeden, Germany, and studied for the ministry at Concordia
College (Fort Wayne, Indiana) and Concordia Seminary (Saint
Louis), where he graduated in 1880. He served as pastor at
Christ Lutheran Church (Saint Louis) and in Norfolk,
Nebraska, and New Wells, Missouri, before receiving the call
to Frankenmuth. He was president of the Michigan District
from 1914 to 1924.
1946 The Lutheran High School in Saint
Louis, Missouri, was dedicated.
1966 Gertrude Simon, missionary to China
and Hong Kong, died (b. 13 July 1900, Zachow, Wisconsin).
She graduated from the Lutheran Hospital School of Nursing
in Saint Louis in 1926 and later attended the deaconess
school in Fort Wayne, Indiana. She was consecrated a
deaconess in 1940. She was commissioned as a missionary to
China on 12 October 1926 and served in Hankow, Shasi, Enshih,
Wanhshin and Chang King. In 1950 she had to leave mainland
China because of the communist takeover and was one of the
workers who began evangelistic activity in Hong Kong among
refugees in Rennies Mill Camp, where she set up a Bible
institute program. She served in the LCMS Hong Kong mission
until 1963, when she became affiliated with the Independent
Christian Chinese Lutheran Mission.