459 After spending thirty-six years on top of a pillar praying, fasting
and occasionally preaching,
Simeon Stylites died
(traditional date; b. ca. 390).
1192 The Third
Crusade, which had the mission of retaking Jerusalem (which had fallen to
Muslim general Saladin in 1187), ended with the signing of a treaty.
1661 Georg Böhm,
organist and composer who taught J. S. Bach, was born in Hohenkirchen, Thuringia
(d. 18 May 1733).
Gregorian calendar was adopted in England.
1784 English clergyman
(1747–1814) was consecrated the first bishop of the
Methodist Episcopal Church by founder John Wesley.
Lydia Baxter, hymnist, was born (d. 22 June 1874, New York City).
Johannes Deinzer, an assistant to J. K. W. Loehe, was born in Germany (d. 25
Johann Friedrich Zucker, a missionary of the Leipzig Mission Society in
India, was born in Breitenau, Bavaria (d. 13 September 1927).
Theodor Carl Friedrich Gruber, a Saxon immigration leader, died (b. 28
Nikolai Frederik Severin Grundtvig, Danish Lutheran leader, died (b. 8
September 1783, Udby, Zealand, Denmark).
1884 Frank C.
Laubach, American Congregational missionary and linguistic pioneer, was born
in Benton, Pennsylvania (d. 11 June 1970).
1902 The organizational meeting of the
Slovak Evangelical Lutheran Church was held at Connellsville, Pennsylvania
(through September 4).
1945 The Lutheran Hour was begun in
1973 English philological scholar, novelist and devout Catholic
J. R. R. Tolkien
died (b. 8 January 1892).
1976 Luther A. Weigle, noted Christian educator and ecumenist, died in
New Haven, Connecticut (b. 1880). Weigle chaired the planning committee that led
to the formation of the National Council of Churches (NCC) in 1950 and also
chaired the NCC committee that produced the
Revised Standard Version of the Bible in 1952.