1260 In the
Wars of the Guelphs and Ghibellines, representing a
struggle between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire, the
Siena Ghibellines defeated the Florence Guelphs at the
Battle of Montaperti outside of Siena in Italy.
1517 Martin Luther presided at a disputation
“Against the Scholastic
Theology” that enthroned
Christ and dethroned Aristotle. The printed theses were
spread and caused considerable uncomplimentary comment among
the old guard, even at Wittenberg. Cardinal Borgia said,
“God does not want the
death of the sinner, but that the sinner should live—and
(1465-1519) was sent by Pope Leo X and Archbishop Albrecht
of Mainz to sell indulgences in Germany.
who had fled England for his ardent Lutheran faith,
courageously took Luther’s
unfavorable reply concerning the divorce of Henry VIII to
Henry. The king had tried to win Luther’s
support for his divorce from Catherine. Henry had sent not
only Robert Barnes but also William Paget, an ardent
Lutheran and later secretary of state.
(1511–1569), hymnist, succeeded John Bugenhagen as municipal
preacher of Wittenberg.
1646 The first Lutheran church edifice in America
(Swedish Lutheran) was dedicated on Tinicum Island, just
below Philadelphia. Some sources give the year as 1645.
William Wheale, composer, was buried in Bedford, England
Whitman, pioneer American medical missionary to Oregon,
was born in Rushville, New York (d. 29 November 1847).
Cary, American writer and devotional poet, was born in
Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 31 July 1871).
Hatch, Anglican clergyman and biblical scholar, was born
1842 Prussian King
Friedrich Wilhelm IV. (1795–1864)
and Johannes von Geissel, later to become archbishop of
Cologne, laid the cornerstone marking the resumption of
construction, which had begun in 1248, of the
Holden, composer and American Puritan clergyman, died in
Boston, Massachusetts (b. 18 September 1765, Shirley,
David Abeel, missionary to Batavia, died (b. 12 June
1847 Anglican clergyman
Henry Francis Lyte (1793–1847)
first revealed his words to his hymn
“Abide with Me.”
1890 Otto H. Hoyer was born in Hanover, Kansas (d.
30 March 1969, Plainview, Nebraska). He graduated from
Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1914 and served parishes
in Kansas, Colorado and Oklahoma. He served the Colorado
District as secretary and circuit counselor. He then served
the Oklahoma District as secretary, vice-president and
Edvard H. Grieg, Norwegian composer, died while on a
steamer en route to London (b. 15 June 1843, Bergen,
Carl F. W. Gausewitz, president of the Synodical
Conference, died (b. 29 August 1861, Reedsville, Wisconsin).
1948 The first assembly of the
World Council of Churches concluded at Amsterdam.
Albert Schweitzer (b. 14 January 1875), musician,
physician and missionary to Africa, died in what is now