Welcome to Concordia Historical Institute, Department of Archives and History for the Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod.

Today in History

September 24

366 Pope Liberius died. He was the earliest pope who was not canonized as a saint.

624 Muhammad (ca. 570632) completed his hijra from Mecca to Medina.

787 The Second Council of Nicaea was transferred to Nicea from Constantinople.

1143 Pope Innocent II died.

1545 Albert of Mainz, archbishop and elector of Mainz and Magdeburg who instigated the sale of indulgences by John Tetzel to pay his debts, died (b. 28 June 1490).

1667 Michael Franck, hymnist, died (b. 1609, Schleusingen, Germany).

1757 Jonathan Edwards (1703–1758), noted colonial clergyman, became president of the College of New Jersey (later Princeton). He served as president until his death.

1864 Victor O. Petersen, hymn translator, was born in Skede, Smaland, Sweden (d. 14 February 1929).

1867 The first Lambeth Conference, a Pan-Anglican Synod consisting of British, colonial and American Anglican bishops, met at Lambeth Palace. Its purpose was to discuss Episcopal church organization.

1868 Henry H. Milman, Anglican clergyman, scholar and hymnist, died (b. 10 November 1791).

1875 William Walker, hymnist, died (b. 6 May 1809, Martin’s Mills, South Carolina).

1881 Theodore Julius Brohm, Missouri Synod founder and leader, died (b. 12 September 1808).

1890 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints officially renounced plural marriage.

1904 William True Sleeper (b. 9 February 1819), American Congregational clergyman, died.

1908 Henry A. Redpath (b. 19 June 1848), English Old Testament textual scholar, died.

1934 A. T. (Archibald Thomas) Robertson (b. 1863), American Baptist New Testament scholar, died.

1939 Juji Nakada (b. 29 October 1870), Japanese evangelist, died.

1959 Arnold H. Grumm, Missouri Synod leader and pastor, died (b. 16 October 1893, Madison, Wisconsin). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1916 and served as pastor at Garrison and Fargo, North Dakota, the latter for thirty years. He was circuit counselor (visitor) in the North Dakota-Montana District of the synod from 1924 to 1930 and chairman of the district mission board from 1930 to 1942. He became president of the district in 1942 and was elected as a vice-president of the synod in 1950. In 1956 he became first vice-president, a full-time position. He was an authority on the synodical constitution and served as chairman of the Synodical Survey Commission from 1956 to 1959. He also traveled extensively for the synod in Europe, South America and the Far East. He assisted in the formation of the India Evangelical Lutheran Church.

1964 Elmer Arthur Kettner, Missouri Synod editor and author, died (b. 22 April 1906, Elgin, Illinois).

1975 An International Lutheran Laymen’s League regional workshop for Lutheran Hour managers was held at Beirut, Lebanon, through 28 September. A civil war between Lebanese Christians and Muslims also reached its peak during the same five days. Only two of the seven managers were able to make it into the Beirut airport. The two LCMS missionaries, Dennis Hilgendorf and John Stelling, were nearby, so a “miniconference” was held. William Kniffel, director of Lutheran Hour International Operations, said that the fighting in the streets of Beirut was so heavy that the LLL representative, Morris Jahshan, could not make it across the city to attend the meeting. Jahshan had returned to his home in Beirut only twelve days earlier after spending eighteen months studying at Southern Illinois University in Edwardsville, Illinois.