Pius II (1405–1464; pope, 1458–1464) assembled European
leaders and delivered a three-hour sermon to inspire them to
launch a new crusade against the Turks. The speech worked,
but another speaker,
(1403–1472), added a three-hour
sermon of his own. After six hours of preaching, the
European princes lost all interest in the cause and never
mount the called-for crusade.
1518 Martin Luther started for Augsburg to meet
Thomas Cardinal Cajetan
Wolfgang, Count Palatine, supporter of the Reformation,
was born (d. 11 June 1569).
1530 The Turks under
Suleiman the Magnificent (1494–1566),
took part of Austria.
hymnist, died (b. 29 February 1692).
William Knapp, composer, died at Poole (b. 1698,
Wareham, Dorsetshire, England).
1774 Jonathan Chapman (“Johnny
Appleseed”), pioneer American environmentalist, was born
in Leominster, Massachusetts (d. 18 March 1845).
Frederick William Faber, English clergyman and hymnist, died
(b. 28 June 1814).
Edward F. Rimbault (b. 13 June 1816), English organist
and scholar, died.
Wilhelm Friedrich Besser, Lutheran pastor, theological
writer and Breslau Synod leader, died (b. 1816).
William G. Tomer (b. 5 October 1833), American Methodist
hymn writer, died.
1897 Giovanni Battista Montini was born near
Brescia, Italy (d. 6 August 1978). Ordained in 1920, he was
named a cardinal by
(1881–1963) in 1958. When John
XXIII died in 1963, the conclave elected Montini his
successor on 21 June. He chose a name suggesting Christian
Paul VI. His fifteen years as pontiff were instrumental
in bringing the
Vatican II Council to a confident conclusion in 1965.
Ernst Faber, missionary to China, died at Tsingtao,
China (b. 25 April 1839, Coburg, Germany).
Pacific Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church was
organized by ten pastors of the Northwest Synod living west
of the Missouri River.
Valparaiso University opened as a Lutheran educational
August G. Brauer, founder and first secretary of the
Lutheran Laymen’s League, died in Saint Louis (b. 20 May
Orthodox Lutheran Conference was organized at Okabena,
1976 Christ College—now
Concordia University (California)—held its
1977 Paul E. Jacobs died in San Francisco (b. 16
September 1914). Jacobs graduated from Concordia Seminary
(Saint Louis) in 1938. He served California parishes in
Lancaster, Terra Bella and San Mateo. Jacobs became
president of the California and Nevada District in 1959 and
led that district for seventeen years. In the early 1970s
Jacobs became increasingly critical of the Missouri Synod’s
administration. He supported the Saint Louis seminary’s
former faculty in 1974 and ordained graduates of the
Concordia Seminary in Exile that had been formed. In January
1977 Jacobs resigned from the district presidency to protest
the synod’s refusal to
change its attitude toward those who disagreed with it.
Shortly after his resignation he became bishop of the
Pacific Regional Synod of the Association of Evangelical
Lutheran Churches (AELC).