Welcome to Concordia Historical Institute, Department of Archives and History for the Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod.

Today in History

October 5

869 The Fourth Constantinople Council opened. During its six sessions the council condemned iconoclasm and anathematized Constantinople Patriarch Photius.

1520 Alessandro Cardinal Farnese, Italian cardinal and diplomat, grandson of Pope Paul III (14681549), was born (d. 2 March 1589).

1528 Richard Foxe, English churchman, died (b. ca. 1448).

1546 Cyriacus Schneegast, hymnist, was born at Buffleben, near Gotha (d. 23 October 1597).

1695 John Glas, Scottish clergyman, was born (d. November 1773).

1703 Jonathan Edwards, colonial American theologian, was born in East Windsor, Connecticut (d. 22 March 1758).

1711 Christian F. Richter, Halle physician and hymnist, died (b. 5 October 1676).

1744 Colonial American missionary David Brainerd (17181747) began three years of missionary labors among the Indians on the Susquehanna River at Opeholhaupung, New Jersey.

1756 John Michael Steck, early Ohio Synod pastor in Pennsylvania and Ohio, was born in Germantown, Pennsylvania (d. 14 July 1830).

1777 George Washington visited the sick and wounded at Trappe Lutheran Church, Philadelphia.

1793 During the French Revolution Christianity was disestablished in France.

1833 William Gould Tomer, religious composer, was born (d. 26 September 1896).

1845 Hermann Duemling, professor at Missouri Synod colleges in Milwaukee; Addison, Illinois; and Fort Wayne, Indiana, was born in Schoenebeck, Germany (11 March 1913).

1861 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop, died (b. 3 January 1778).

1864 The Lutheran Theological Seminary at Philadelphia opened.

1875 Henry Frederick Otto Luessenhop was born in Lutter, Hanover (d. 14 January 1947). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1899 and served as a pastor at Waverly, Missouri, and Colorado Springs, Colorado. He became president of the Colorado District in 1921, serving for nine years. He was later chairman of the district mission board and in 1942 accepted the call as first field secretary of the district, serving in that position until his death.

1896 Elmer Christian Zimmermann was born in Fort Russell Township, Madison County, Illinois. He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1928 and served as a missionary to China and a professor at the Saint Louis seminary. He was also a pastor in Adair, Iowa. He served as secretary of the China Mission General Conference and was the author of various Chinese books. He retired in 1971 (d. 15 June 1985).

1930 God of Grace and God of Glory was written by Harry Emerson Fosdick (18781969) for the opening service of Riverside Church in New York City.

1941 George J. Fritschel, professor at Wartburg Seminary, Dubuque, Iowa, died (24 May 1867).

1959 A Lutheran Hour contract was signed in Seoul, Korea.

1969 Harry Emerson Fosdick (b. 1878), American Baptist clergyman, died.

1975 Grace Lutheran Church, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, voted to leave the Missouri Synod and join the Lutheran Church in Mission (LCM). The congregation was the first to take such action during the controversy centered in Concordia Seminary and the founding of Concordia Seminary in Exile.