second bishop of the West Saxons and afterward of Paris, died at
1303 Pope Boniface VIII died (b. ca. 1235).
Pope Leo X (1475–1521)
conferred the title of Fidei Defensor (“Defender
of the Faith”) on
(1491–1547) as a reward for Henry’s
Defense of the Seven Sacraments, published in answer to Martin
Babylonian Captivity. Three popes and almost exactly thirteen
years later, Henry established a national church, the Church of England,
severing all ties with Rome.
1531 Huldrych Zwingli,
militant reformer, was killed in battle of Kappel, Switzerland (b. 1
1675 Samuel Clarke, a
well-known English divine and metaphysician who helped prepare the way
for German Rationalism, was born in Norwich (d. 17 May 1729).
New Jerusalem Church,
Tranquebar, India, was dedicated.
1725 Hans Herr,
bishop, died (b. 17 September 1639).
was organized at Winchester, Virginia, by eleven pastors, including
Daniel Kurtz, first president of the General Synod, Benjamin Kurtz, D.
F. Schaeffer, Charles Phil. Krauth and seven lay delegates.
Synod of the West was founded by the General Synod at Jeffersontown,
Kentucky, to counteract the desire on the part of some to establish an
independent Kentucky Synod.
1849 Olav L. Kirkeborg,
president of the Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, was born
in Valdres, Norway.
Charles Scaer was born in Convoy, near Van Wert, Ohio (d. 9 June
1863 Friedrich Otto Reuter,
Lutheran musician, was born (d. 9 June 1924).
Moulton, English Methodist theologian, was born in Richmond, Surrey.
He died 9 April 1917 while returning from a missionary tour to India.
1868 The Lutheran orphanage
at Des Peres, Missouri, was dedicated.
1869 Henry John Stoeppelwerth
was born in Washington, Missouri (d. 16 October 1934, Wichita, Kansas).
He was a graduate of Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1893 and served
as the first professor at Saint John’s College (Winfield, Kansas), which
had been founded in that year by John Peter Baden. He played an
important part in the development of the school during his forty-one
years of service.
Joint Synod of Wisconsin was organized in Milwaukee.
B. Christiansen, sacred music writer, was born in Chicago, Illinois
(d. 14 January 1985, Chicago).
1896 Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury,
died (b. 14 July 1829).
Julius Hardeland, director of the Leipzig Evangelical Lutheran
Mission, died (b. 7 January 1828).
1906 Herman W. Gockel was
born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1 May 1996). He graduated from Concordia
Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1931 and served as a pastor in Anna, Illinois,
and Evansville, Indiana. From 1945 to 1952 he was the editor of
Today. He also served as the assistant executive secretary of the
Board for Missions in North and South America. In 1948 he published his
well-known book, What Jesus Means to Me. From 1951 to 1971 he
wrote for and produced the television show This Is the Life.
1929 Oscar Rudolph Wold,
president of the China Lutheran Church, died (b. 11 August 1874).
1932 William H. Luke,
Missouri Synod Sunday school secretary and editor, died in Saint Louis
of Hodgkin’s disease (b. 18 October
1896, Dillsboro, Indiana). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint
Louis) in 1919 and first served for two years as an assistant professor
at Concordia College (Saint Paul, Minnesota). He served parishes in
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, and Calgary, Alberta, from 1921 to 1927, when
he moved to Saint Louis and joined the synod’s
Sunday school office.
1956 The Concordia House of
Studies was opened in Cambridge, England.
1962 The first session of the
Second Vatican Council was opened in Saint Peter’s Basilica by
Pope John XXIII