Pope Urban VI died (b. ca. 1318).
1567 Martin Chemnitz
(1522–1586) became superintendent of Brunswick.
Pope Gregory XIII
(1502–1585) implemented the
Gregorian calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain, October 4
of this year was followed directly by October 15.
Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, Canadian saint, was born (d. 23
December 1771). She founded the
Grey Nuns or Sisters of Charity of Montreal
and was the first Canadian-born person to be elevated to sainthood.
(1737–1794) observes a group of
friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspired
him to begin work on The History of
the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
1779 Johan Olof Wallin,
hymnist, was born at Stora Tuna, Sweden (d. 30 June 1839).
Hastings, hymnist and composer, was born in Litchfield (or
Washington), Connecticut (d. 15 May 1872).
began work in India.
(1777–1846), leader of the Saxon
Immigration to Perry County, Missouri, was placed under house arrest by
the Dresden authorities.
1840 In Mehlville, Missouri,
the German Evangelical Church Society (Kirchenverein) of the West was
founded. It became the German
Evangelical Synod of North America in 1872, and the
was dropped in 1925. The denomination merged with the Reformed Church in
June 1934 at Cleveland, Ohio, to form the Evangelical and Reformed
Church. This group merged with the Congregational Christian Churches in
1957 to form the United Church of Christ.
Wilhelm Nietzsche, German philosopher and poet, was born (d. 25
George Foote Moore, American Old Testament scholar, was born in West
Chester, Pennsylvania (d. 1931).
Jacob Tanner, professor at Concordia College (Moorhead, Minnesota)
and Luther Seminary (Saint Paul, Minnesota), was born in Molde, Norway
(d. 25 January 1964).
was completed 633 years after construction began.
William Temple, Anglican clergyman and Archbishop of Canterbury, was
born in Exeter, England (d. 26 October 1944).
Beale Melanchthon Schmucker, American Lutheran liturgiologist, died
(b. 26 August 1827, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania).
1900 Charles Fox Parham
(1873–1929) opened the Bethel Bible
Institute in Topeka, Kansas, where Agnes Ozman and other students would
speak in tongues New Year’s Eve and
begin the modern Pentecostal movement.
Samuel Porter (Sam) Jones (b. 1847), American evangelist, died.
1932 A small party of
supporters gathered in Liverpool, England, to send
Gladys Aylward (1902–1970), a
28-year-old parlor maid, off on a dangerous missionary journey to China.
Though she had been turned down by the missions agency she applied to,
she went on to become one of the most amazing single woman missionaries
of modern history. Her dramatic rescue of a hundred orphans is told in
the movie The Inn of the Sixth Happiness, starring
1949 Billy Graham
(b. 7 November 1918) skyrocketed to national prominence with an
evangelistic crusade in Los Angeles.
1979 Alfred Martin Rehwinkel
died (b. 25 June 1887). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint
Louis) in 1910 and served parishes in Pincher Creek and Edmonton,
Alberta. He also taught at Concordia College (Edmonton, Alberta), Saint
John’s College (Winfield, Kansas)
and Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis).