Welcome to Concordia Historical Institute, Department of Archives and History for the Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod.

Today in History

October 17

Ignatius of Antioch, Pastor and Martyr

532 Pope Boniface II died.

1244 At the Battle of La Forbie, Crusaders were defeated by Khwarezmians and Egyptians.

1448 At the Second Battle of Kosovo the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi was defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.

1480 The Spanish Inquisition was activated.

1552 Andreas Osiander the Elder, German reformer and theologian, died (b. 19 December 1498).

1582 Johann Gerhard, theologian, was born in Quedlinburg, Germany (d. 10 August 1637).

1623 Francis Turretin (also known as François Turretini) was born at Geneva (d. 28 September 1687). He was known as an earnest defender of the Calvinistic orthodoxy represented by the Synod of Dort and as one of the authors of the Helvetic Consensus, which defended the formulation of double predestination from the Synod of Dort and the verbal inspiration of the Bible.

1792 Sir John Bowring, hymnist and linguist, was born at Exeter, England (d. 23 November 1872).

1811 Albertus Christiaan van Raalte, a pastor in the Reformed Church in America, was born at Wanneperveen, Netherlands (d. 27 July 1876, Holland, Michigan). He led the Dutch immigrants who founded the city of Holland, Michigan and established the school that would become Hope College.

1812 The first meeting of Lutheran pastors west of the Allegheny Mountains was held in Washington County, Pennsylvania (through 19 October).

1824 Birgitte Katherine Boye, Danish hymnist, died in Copenhagen (b. 7 March 1742).

1910 Julia Ward Howe (b. 27 May 1819), American writer and social reformer, died in Newport, Rhode Island.

1912 Albino Luciani, Pope John Paul I (19121978), was born near Belluno, Italy.

1926 The Lutheran Concordia College of Texas (Austin) opened. It is now known as Concordia University Texas.

1939 The Wanhsien, China, Lutheran middle school was founded.

1979 Mother Teresa (19101997) was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

1993 Helmut Gollwitzer, last of the prominent leaders of the Protestant church opposition to Adolph Hitler, died in Berlin (b. 29 December 1908).

1996 Alvin F. Schnute died in Largo, Florida (b. 1908). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1932 and served from 1935 to 1973 as a pastor in Detroit and Munger, Michigan. He retired in 1973. He is believed to be the first person in the Missouri Synod to transcribe music into Braille. He and his wife were Braille music transcribers for the Library of Congress and for libraries for the blind throughout the nation. Included among the works he transcribed were The Lutheran Hymnal and Lutheran Worship. Schnute began transcribing music as a hobby.