Welcome to Concordia Historical Institute, Department of Archives and History for the Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod.

Today in History

October 18

Saint Luke, Evangelist

707 Pope John VII died.

1009 The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church now within the walled Old City of Jerusalem, was destroyed by Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah.

1210 Pope Innocent III excommunicated German leader Otto IV.

1405 Pope Pius II was born (d. 1464).

1417 Pope Gregory XII died (b. ca. 1326).

1503 Pope Pius III died (b. 29 May 1439)

1512 Martin Luther was awarded the doctor of theology degree from Wittenberg University.

1517 Manuel da Nóbrega (old spelling Manoel da Nóbrega), a Portuguese Jesuit priest and first Provincial of the Society of Jesus in colonial Brazil, was born (d. 18 October 1570).

1595 Edward Winslow, an American Pilgrim leader on the Mayflower, was born in Droitwich, Worcestershire, England (d. 8 May 1655).

1631 Heinrich Müller, devotional writer, was born at Lübeck (d. 23 September 1675). [German Wikipedia article]

1646 Isaac Jogues, French Jesuit missionary who traveled and worked among Native Americans in North America, died (b. 10 January 1607)

1662 Matthew Henry, English non-conformist Presbyterian Bible commentator, was born at Flintshire, Wales (d. 22 June 1714).

1685 The Edict of Nantes was revoked by French King Louis XIV.

1679 Ann Putnam Jr., American accuser in the Salem Witch Trials, was born (d. 1716)

1737 Christian Möck, composer, was born at Thann on the Altmühl (d. 11 April 1818). He was interested in music from his earliest youth and served as oboist in the chapel of an infantry regiment at Ansbach from 1771 to 1781; in the latter year he became organist of the cathedral there, in which position he served the church for thirty-seven years. [The Handbook to the Lutheran Hymnal, comp. W. G. Polack (Saint Louis: CPH, 1942): 547]

1762 Henry Melchior Muhlenberg’s (1711–1787) congregational constitution was written.

1775 Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian who first came to notice as an opponent of the philosophy of Gottfried Leibniz and Christian Wolff from the standpoint of religious orthodoxy, died (b. 10 January 1715)

1818 Karl Hugo Hahn, Lutheran missionary to South Africa, was born in Riga, Latvia (d. 24 November 1895).

1820 Wilhelm Heinrich Berkemeier, Lutheran missionary to immigrants, was born in Oerlinghausen, Lippe-Detmold, Germany (d. 7 March 1899).

1823 Georg Martin Grossmann, who helped organize the Iowa Synod, was born in Grossbieberau, Hesse-Darmstadt (d. 24 August 1897).

1824 Leopold Moczygemba, a Polish-born Catholic priest chiefly recognized as the founder of the first permanent Polish settlement in the United States at Panna Maria, Texas, was born (d. 23 February 1891).

1843 Claus Laurits Clausen (1820–1892), president of the Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, was ordained.

1847 Sylvanus Stall, Lutheran educator and author, was born in Elizaville, Columbia County, New York (d. 6 November 1915).

1867 Henry John Lobeck was born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 23 March 1951, Pittsburgh). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1889 and served as a pastor at Saint Paul, Sedalia (18891895), and Trinity, Cape Girardeau (18971905), Missouri. He was professor of Hebrew and Greek at Saint Paul’s College (Concordia, Missouri) from 1905 until his retirement in 1945.

1868 Daniel March (1816–1909), a Congregational pastor in Philadelphia, was asked to speak at the Philadelphia Christian Association meeting on this date. Finding no suitable hymn for Isaiah 6:8 (his text), he wrote Hark, the Voice of Jesus Calling.”

1875 James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey was born in Anamabu, Gold Coast (now Ghana) (d. 30 July 1927).

1877 William Hunter (b. 26 May 1811), American Methodist clergyman and hymnist, died.

1896 Johann L. Schneller, founder of the Jerusalem Lutheran orphanage, died in Jerusalem (b. 1820).

1918 Charles Crozat Converse, American lawyer and sacred music composer, died (b. 7 October 1834).

1934 Friedrich Richter, president of Wartburg Seminary and of the Iowa Synod, died (b. 24 October 1852, Riesa, Saxony).

1937 Leander S. Keyser, American Lutheran theologian, died (b. 13 March 1856, Tuscarawas County, Ohio).

1938 Adolfo Dilley became the first Missouri Synod missionary to Paraguay.

1949 Carl F. Brommer, president of Concordia Teachers College (Seward, Nebraska), died in San Diego, California (b. 30 March 1870, Wuerttemberg, Germany).

1954 The Week in Religion, a Sunday evening religious panel show, aired for the last time over Dumont television. First broadcast in March 1952, this ecumenical religious broadcast was divided into twenty-minute segments for Protestant, Catholic and Jewish news. The original hosts were Rabbi William S. Rosenbloom, Rev. Robbins Wolcott Barstow and Rev. Joseph N. Moody.

1998 Albert G. Huegli died in Rochester Hills, Michigan (b. 7 June 1913). Following graduation from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1936, he served from 1944 to 1969 as assistant professor and dean at Concordia Teachers College (River Forest, Illinois) and as vice-president and president of Valparaiso University (Valparaiso, Indiana). He retired in 1978.