Welcome to Concordia Historical Institute, Department of Archives and History for the Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod.

Today in History

October 20

1518 Martin Luther fled from Augsburg on threat of arrest by Thomas Cardinal Cajetan (14691534).

1554 Martin Chemnitz (15221586) concluded his lectures at Wittenberg on Philipp Melanchthon's Loci.

1568 The Altenburg Colloquy began on this date between theologians from Wittenberg (Paul Eber, Caspar Crucigar the Younger, Abdias Praetorius, Heinrich Moller von Hirsch and others) and Jena (Johannes Wigand, Johann Friedrich Coelestin, Christoph Irenaeus, Timotheus Kirchner, Bartholomaeus Rosinus et al.).

1769 William Ward, missionary to India and printer, was born in Derby, England (d. 7 March 1823).

1802 Ernst Wilhelm Theodor Hengstenberg, German Lutheran theologian, Old Testament exegete and editor, was born in Westphalia, Germany (d. 28 May 1869).

1828 Horatio Gates Spafford, American lawyer and hymn writer, was born in North Troy, New York (d. 16 October 1888).

1853 Rudolph Kittel, Old Testament scholar, was born in Wuerttemberg, Germany (d. 1929).

1870 The First Vatican Council, which decreed papal infallibility under Pope Pius IX, closed. It had opened on 8 December 1869.

1892 Harry Dixon Loes, American sacred music educator, was born in Kalamazoo, Michigan (d. 9 February 1965, Chicago, Illinois).

1893 Philip Schaff, Reformed theologian, American church historian and encyclopedist, died (b. 1 January 1819).

1907 An annex to the Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) building on South Jefferson Avenue was dedicated.

1908 Carl Stuart Hamblen, American song writer, was born in Kellyville, Texas (d. 8 March 1989, Santa Monica, California).

1913 Mary A. Lathbury, American Methodist church leader and hymnist, died (b. 10 August 1841).