Welcome to Concordia Historical Institute, Department of Archives and History for the Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod.

Today in History

October 23

Saint James of Jerusalem, Brother of Jesus and Martyr

787 The Second Council of Nicaea closed.

1520 Charles V (1500–1558), Holy Roman emperor, was crowned at Aachen.

1597 Cyriacus Schneegass, hymnist, died at Friedrichroda (b. 5 October 1546, Bufleben, near Gotha, Thuringia).

1616 Leonhard Hutter (b. January 1563 near Ulm), one of the foremost representatives and defenders of confessional Lutheranism, died.

1779 The first Lutheran church in Africa was organized at Cape Town, South Africa. Lutheran work in Africa had started in 1585 when Duke Ludwig of Württemberg sent an embassy to North Africa with missionary work as part of its assignment.

1786 The New York Ministerium was organized at Albany, New York.

1831 Margaret Henrietta Muhlenberg, daughter of Henry Melchior Muhlenberg and wife of J. C. Kunze, died (b. 17 September 1751).

1839 Johann Heinrich Sieker, founder of Concordia College (Bronxville, New York), was born in Schweinfurth, Bavaria, Germany (d. 30 December 1904).

1842 F. H. W. Gesenius, famed German Hebrew scholar, died (b. 3 February 1786).

1844 Robert S. Bridges, hymn translator and poet laureate of Great Britain, was born at Walmer, Kent, England (d. 21 April 1930).

1857 Friedrich Wilhelm Herzberger, the first Lutheran city missionary in Saint Louis, was born (d. 26 August 1930) in Baltimore, Maryland.

1871 Edgar J. Goodspeed, American Greek scholar and Bible translator, was born in Quincy, Illinois (d. 1962).

1914 Martin August Haendschke was born at Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 4 July 1984, Seward, Nebraska). He graduated from Concordia College (Milwaukee) in 1934 and from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1938. He served parishes in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Michigan and Missouri before teaching at Concordia College (Milwaukee) from 1964 in 1975. He then taught at Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) until his death.

1941 Shailer Mathews (b. 1863), American Baptist educator, died.