All Saints’ Day
Council of Chalcedon (in modern Turkey) adjourned.
Pope Leo I
(400–461) convened the first
session the previous month. During the seventeen sessions,
the six hundred bishops involved condemned
monophysitism, an ancient heresy that denied the full
humanity of Christ by teaching that the incarnate Son of God
possessed only one nature: the divine.
Erhard Schnepf, Württemberg
reformer, was born in Heilbronn, Germany (d. 1 November
Italian Renaissance artist
(1475–1564) unveiled his
5,808-square-foot masterpiece on the ceiling of the Sistine
Chapel in the Vatican.
(1496–1582), hymnist, joined the
army to fight on the side of Charles V in Italy against Pope
Clemens VII. [German
1539 The Reformation was introduced in
Martin Rinkart (1586–1649),
hymnist, became archdeacon of Eilenberg.
Gerhard Molanus, hymnist, was born at Hemeln, Germany
(d. 7 September 1722).
Gottlieb Schober, who helped form the General Synod and
served at its president in 1825, was born in Bethlehem,
Pennsylvania (d. 27 June 1838).
Alexander Cruden (b. 8 June 1699), Scottish editor and
compiler of Cruden’s
1787 Richard Allen, William White and Absalom
Jones withdrew from Saint George's Church in Philadelphia to
begin a "colored" church because of attempted racial
segregation. This resulted in the formation of the
African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church in 1816.
1792 The first General Conference of the Methodist
Episcopal Church in American convened in Baltimore,
William Adam, Baptist and Unitarian missionary to India,
was born at Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland (d. 19 February
was ordained as pastor of his home church in London.
William Whiting, English school principal, was born in
Kensington, England (d. 3 May 1878).
1825 English philanthropist
attended a Moravian mission and became a Christian.
Magnus B. Landstad (1802–1880),
hymnist, was appointed as resident vicar of Gausdal, Norway.
1855 John Frederick William Harms was born in
Gruenhagen, Germany (d. 12 August 1943). Before his
confirmation his family left Germany and came to Reedsburg,
Wisconsin. He attended Northwestern College (Watertown,
Wisconsin) and graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint
Louis) in 1880. He served as pastor Zion Lutheran Church
(Bancroft, Cuming County, Nebraska) for fifty-seven years.
He was vice-president of Nebraska District (1900–1922)
and first president of the Northern Nebraska District from
1922 to 1933.
The Sound of Holy Voices”
was written for use on All Saints Day.
1864 Franklin Foster Fry, a leader in organizing the United
Lutheran Church in America, was born in Carlisle,
Pennsylvania (d. 13 December 1933).
Benjamin Bosse, a member of the Missouri Synod Board of
Directors and a leader in the Lutheran Laymen's League, was
born in Scott Township, Indiana (d. 4 April 1922).
Apache Lutheran Mission of the Wisconsin Synod opened.
was established at Yale University by a gift from Dwight H.
Terry for lectures on religion in the light of science and
John Nicum (b. 6 January 1851), professor at Wagner
Lutheran College, Staten Island, New York, died.
1913 Work among African Americans in the South led
by the Synodical Conference spread to South Carolina
Howard A. Walter
(b. 19 August 1883), American Congregational missionary
and hymnist, died.
Albert Theodore William Steinhaeuser, who translated
some of Martin Luther's Works into English, died (b. 30
September 1876, Buffalo, New York).
Charles Wm. Gustav Eifrig
(b. 23 September 1871), professor of natural science at
Concordia Teachers College (Addison and River Forest,
1950 Pope Pius XII proclaimed the dogma of the
Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary,
Munificentissimus Deus. This doctrine teaches that
Jesus' mother at the end of her life on earth was taken body
and soul into heaven to be united with the risen Christ.
1951 The Social Welfare Department of the LCMS was
Henry F. Wind
(1891–1966), executive secretary
of Lutheran Services of New York, as part-time executive
Arnoldshain Theses (Arnoldshainer Abendmahlsthesen) were
approved by Lutheran, Reformed and Union theologians
representing the Evangelical Church of Germany (EKD).
1962 The headquarters building of the Korean
Lutheran Mission was opened.
1963 The first U.S. Christmas stamp went on sale.
The design showed a Christmas tree in front of the White
1998 Martin J. Maehr died in Ann Arbor, Michigan
(b. 13 October 1902). Maehr taught and was principal at
Christ Lutheran Mission School (Perry, Oklahoma) until he
was called as principal at Saint John Lutheran School
(Seward, Nebraska) in 1944. In 1951 he accepted a full-time
position as professor of education at Concordia Teachers
College (Seward). Maehr retired from full-time status at
Concordia in 1976 but continued to serve in many ways,
particularly in working with international students.