Pope Urban II opened the
Council of Clermont
to reform the church and to plan the first crusade.
Pope Boniface VIII
published the bull
sanctam against Philip IV (the Fair) of France,
political interference with the affairs of the church.
Johannes Aurifaber, co-editor of the Jena edition of
Martin Luther’s works,
died (b. ca. 1519). [German
hymn writer, was ordained.
1784 American-born Anglican priest
was ordained a bishop in Scotland.
Carl Maria von Weber, famed German composer, was born
(d. 5 June 1826).
John Nelson Darby, founder and leader of a branch of the
Plymouth Brethren, was born (d. 29 April 1882).
Russell K. Carter, American Methodist clergyman and
hymnist, was born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 23 August 1928,
1866 English hymn writer
(1834–1911) penned the
verse that is sung as the hymn
“I Love to Tell the
Arthur Tozer Russell, hymn translator, died at Rectory
of Southwick, near Brighton, England (b. 20 March 1806,
Northampton, Northamptonshire, England).
1874 Delegates from seventeen states met (through
20 November) in Cleveland, Ohio, to form the
Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU).
Providentissimus Deus, which strongly encouraged
Roman Catholic educators to teach sound courses in biblical
introduction and interpretation.
Concordia Teachers College (Seward, Nebraska) was
August Reinke, pioneer of deaf ministry, died (b. 29
Minneapolis Theses were adopted by the Norwegian
Lutheran Church of America and by the Ohio, Iowa and Buffalo
Synods. The theses formed the doctrinal basis of the
American Lutheran Church, organized in 1930, and of The
American Lutheran Conference.
Ludwig E. Fuerbringer (1864–1947)
became president of Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis).
decree on the Apostolate of the Laity was issued by the
Second Vatican Council.
1966 This was the last required meatless Friday
for American Roman Catholics. In February
(1897–1978) had made an
apostolic decree that prayer or charitable works might be
substituted as penance instead of fasting and abstinence.
1978 In Jonestown, Guyana, 913 members of Jim
cult committed suicide by poisoning themselves and their