Cardinal Thomas Langley, dean of York, bishop of Durham
(1406–1437) and twice Lord
Chancellor of England to three kings (1405–1407),
keeper of the King's signet and Keeper of the Privy Seal
before becoming de facto England's first Foreign Secretary,
died (b. 1363). He was the second longest serving Chancellor
of the Middle Ages.
In Switzerland French reformer
established a theocratic government at Geneva, thereby
creating a home base for emergent Protestantism throughout
1572 The first
Presbyterian meeting house in England was established in
Peregrine White, son of William and Susanna White, was
the first child born on the Mayflower (d. 20 July
Sigismund von Birken (Betulius, 1626–1681),
tutor and poet, was reemployed as a private tutor after the
Peace of Westphalia was concluded.
Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German theologian and reformer
known for his efforts to bring about a union between
Lutheran and Calvinist Protestants, was born at Nassenhuben
(d. 25 May 1741, Berlin).
Pope Pius VIII was born (d. 1 December 1830).
1806 Baptist preacher
Backus, an influential voice in arguing for religious
liberty in Massachusetts and later the United States, died
(b. 9 January 1724).
The first group of Prussian
Lutheran immigrants arrived in Australia, forming the
Klemzig settlement near what is today Adelaide.
John Williams, “Apostle to the South Seas,” died (b.
Henry Francis Lyte, Scottish clergyman and hymnist, died
at Nice (b. 1 June 1793).
1850 Blind American hymn writer
underwent a dramatic conversion experience at a Methodist
1866 A colloquy between the Missouri Synod and the
Buffalo Synod began in Buffalo, New York (through 5
General Council was organized at a meeting in Fort
Wayne, Indiana, that lasted through 26 November.
1872 The hymn “I
Need Thee Every Hour” by
Annie Sherwood Hawks (1836–1918)
was first sung at a National Baptist Sunday School
Convention in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Georg Philipp Speckhard, first director of the Lutheran
School for the Deaf in Michigan, died (b. 22 January 1821,
Johannes Sandegren, Swedish Lutheran missionary to
India, was born in Madura, South India (d. 15 November
1894 Classes began at
Concordia Teachers College (Seward, Nebraska) with a
faculty of one, Professor J. G. Weller, and thirteen
students, who lived in the same building with Weller.
1913 Philip Studt, president of Iowa District of
the Missouri Synod, died (b. 7 January 1841, Belleville,
Illinois). He studied theology at Concordia Seminary (Saint
Louis) during the Civil War years and was sent to Iowa in
1865 as a vicar under the pioneering pastor J. F. Doescher.
Because of the urgent need for pastors, he did not return to
the seminary to complete his studies but was colloquized for
the pastoral office and ordained and installed on 7 May 1866
to serve as pastor of Saint Paul Lutheran Church (Luzerne,
Iowa), continuing in that position until 1905. He is buried
in the church cemetery there. He was also a mission pioneer
in Iowa, traveling far and wide and organizing several
congregations. He served in various leadership positions in
the Iowa District, culminating in the district presidency.
1945 In Nürnberg, Germany, the
trial of twenty-two German Nazi war leaders began.
1956 The Nagercoil District of the
India Evangelical Lutheran Church was organized.
1961 The Russian Orthodox Church joined the World
Council of Churches.
1965 Elmer H. Thode, missionary to the Chinese for
thirty-nine years, died (b. 2 September 1902, LaPorte,
Indiana). He was educated at Concordia College (Fort Wayne,
Indiana) and Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis). In 1926 he
was called to serve in China, working first in Hankow and
Shasi, then Shanghai and Ichang. When the Japanese captured
Ichang during World War II, he returned to Shanghai and then
to the U.S., where he served as a pastor in Fredericksburg,
Iowa for three years. In 1946 he returned to Hankow but soon
had to leave that area. He moved to Hong Kong in July 1952.
I. Aho, professor of pastoral theology at Concordia
Theological Seminary (Fort Wayne, Indiana), died in Fort
Wayne (b. 22 April 1923).