(d. 8 July 1153) sent a papal bull to King Louis VII of
proclaiming the Second Crusade.
Pope Leo X,
enemy of Martin Luther, died (b. Giovanni de' Medici, 11
December 1475, Florence, Italy).
1523 The Reformation began in
Melchior Teschner, Silesian clergyman and composer, died
(b. 29 April 1584).
Jeremiah Clarke, composer, died in London (b. ca. 1674,
Abraham a Sancta Clara (monastic name of German preacher
Hans Ulrich Megerle) died (b. 2 July 1644).
1764 The French government issued a royal decree
Jesuit order in that country. The decree came as a
result of powerful forces opposing both the Jesuits and Pope
Clement XIII. The pope’s
successor, Clement XIV, formally suppressed the Society of
Jesus in 1767, but it was restored again by Pius VII in
appointed colonel of the 8th Virginia Regiment.
Barnes, American Presbyterian clergyman and Bible
scholar, was born in Rome, New York (d. 24 December 1870).
1807 Joseph Getchell Binney, Baptist pastor and
American Board (Congregationalist) missionary to the Karens
in Burma, was born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 26 November
1877). He was also president of
George Washington University from 1855 to 1858.
Justin H. Knecht, composer, died at Stuttgart (b. 30
September 1752, Biberach, Swabia).
1858 The Lutheran Hospital Association was
organized in Saint Louis.
1860 The second
Michigan Synod was organized in Detroit.
W. H. Kruse was born in Beecher, Illinois (d. 1 May 1939,
Fort Wayne, Indiana). He studied at Concordia Theological
Seminary (Springfield, Illinois) and Concordia College (Fort
Wayne), received an A.B. degree from the University of
Chicago in 1894 and did graduate studies at the University
of Chicago (1894–1896).
He was a professor at Hastings College (Hastings, Nebraska)
from 1896 to 1902. He studied theology privately and was
received by colloquy into the teaching ministry of the
Missouri Synod in the Nebraska District. Beginning in 1902
he was professor of classical languages at Concordia College
Wilhelm Friedrich Lehmann, Ohio Synod president and
professor, died (b. 16 October 1820, Markgröningen,
William Frederick Arndt, Missouri Synod exegete and
Greek lexicographer, was born in Mayville, Wisconsin (d. 25
February 1957, Cambridge, England).
Titus Coan, American Presbyterian missionary to Hawaii,
died in Hilo, Hawaii (b. 1 February 1801).
1917 Nebraska parish priest Father
(1886–1948) founded Boys
Town near Omaha, Nebraska.
George Hugh Bourne, Anglican clergyman and hymnist, died
at Saint Edmund's, Salisbury, England (b. 8 November 1840,
Saint Paul's Cray, Kent, England).
Groundbreaking ceremonies were held for Bob Jones College at
Panama City, Florida. It later relocated to Greenville,
South Carolina, and is known as
Bob Jones University.
F. J. (Frederick John) Foakes-Jackson, Anglican
theologian, was born in Ipswich, England (b. 1855).
1949 Work in Niigata Prefecture, Japan, was opened
1976 The American Bible Society published
Good News Bible.
1989 Soviet leader
Mikhail Gorbachev and
Pope John Paul II met at the Vatican, announcing an
agreement to reestablish diplomatic ties. Gorbachev also
denounced seventy years of religious oppression in his