apostle to Scotland, was born in Donegal (d. 9 June 597,
Innocent IV, who became pope in the middle of the
tremendous controversy with Holy Roman emperor Frederick II,
died (b. Sinibaldo Fieschi ca. 1195, Genoa; became pope in
1539 Believing bigamy to be preferable to divorce,
Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthon gave
Philip of Hesse (1504–1567)
permission to marry a second wife.
1598 Sculptor and architect
Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini, best known for “The Ecstasy of
Saint Teresa,” was born in Naples (d. 28 November 1680).
Charles Garnier, French Jesuit missionary to the Hurons
in Canada, died (b. 1606).
1661 Under pressure from the British Parliament,
Massachusetts Bay Colony suspended the Corporal
Punishment Acts of 1656, which imposed harsh penalties on
Quakers and other religious Nonconformists.
1724 Lutherans, including the mayor of Thorn (Toruń),
Poland, who were deemed responsible for the
Tumult of Thorn, an attack on a Jesuit school, were
executed by Polish authorities.
George A. Minor, American Baptist choral leader and hymn
tune composer, was born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 30 January
1872 Herman William Franz Wollaeger was born in
Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 14 July 1941). He was a graduate of
Concordia College (Milwaukee, 1892) and Concordia Seminary
(Saint Louis, 1895). He did graduate work at Johns Hopkins
University and at the universities of Leipzig and
Heidelberg, where he received a Ph.D degree. He served as a
pastor in Hartford, Connecticut, from 1900 to 1904, when he
was called as professor of German at Concordia College
(Saint Paul, Minnesota). He also served for more than
twenty-five years as director of the Lutheran Children's
Friend Society of the Twin Cities.
L. F. K. (Lobegott Friedrich Konstantin) von Tischendorf,
German Biblical and textual scholar, died (b. 18 January
Caroline Noel, hymnist, died at Saint Marylebone,
Middlesex, England (b. 10 April 1817, Teston, Kent,
1886 Bernard Schumacher, hymnist and composer, was
born in Watertown, Wisconsin (d. 26 February 1978,
Wauwatosa, Wisconsin). He was educated at Northwestern
College (Watertown), Concordia Teachers College (Addison,
Illinois), Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore) and Peabody
Institute (Baltimore). After serving as a parochial school
teacher for several years, he became superintendent of
schools for the South Wisconsin District of the Missouri
Synod. He published several song books, cantatas and
numerous compositions for organ and choir. He also served as
secretary of the Intersynodical Committee on Hymnology and
Liturgics, which prepared The Lutheran Hymnal, and
chaired its subcommittee on tunes.
William Gustave Polack, editor in chief of The
Lutheran Hymnal and professor at Concordia Seminary
(Saint Louis), was born in Wausau, Wisconsin (d. 5 June
August L. Graebner, professor at Northwestern College
(Watertown, Wisconsin) and Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis)
died at Saint Louis, Missouri (b. 10 July 1849,
Richard Handmann (b. 27 February 1840, Oschitz,
Silesia), missionary in India and editor of Leipzinger
Declaration on Religious Freedom was issued by Vatican
Pope Paul VI and
Patriarch Athenagoras simultaneously lift mutual
excommunications that had been in place since 1054.
Presbyterian Church in America (PCA) established its
missionary organization, PCA Mission to the World, in
Carl F. H. Henry, American evangelical theologian,
publisher and first editor of Christianity Today
magazine, died (b. 22 January 1913).