Veit Dietrich, Luther’s co-worker, associate and
confidential secretary, was born at Nürnberg (d. 25 March
1549 also at Nürnberg).
Mary, Queen of Scots, who clashed with John Knox when
she tried to reestablish Roman Catholicism in Scotland, was
born (d. 8 February 1587).
Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan, named for Saint Ambrose,
opened its reading room, the second public library of
Martin Rinckart, German Lutheran clergyman and hymnist,
died at Eilenburg (b. 24 April 1586).
Noël Chabanel, French Jesuit missionary among the Hurons
in Canada, was martyred by an Iroquois, then at war with the
Hurons (b. 2 February 1613).
Richard Baxter, English Puritan clergyman, Oliver
Cromwell's chaplain, hymnist and author, died in London (b.
12 November 1615).
Edmund Jacob Wolf, professor of church history and New
Testament exegesis at the Lutheran Theological Seminary
(Gettysburg, Pennsylvania), was born in Rebersburg,
Pennsylvania (d. 10 January 1903).
Evangelical Lutheran Ministerium of Wisconsin was
founded in Milwaukee by Pastors John Muehlhaeuser, J.
Weinmann and W. Wrede. Its official name was
“Die erste deutsch evang.-luth. Synode von Wisconsin.”
(1792–1878) issued his
Ineffabilis Deus declaring the immaculate conception
issued an encyclical letter,
Cura, in which he denounced modern heresies and
errors and stated that the purpose of civil government was
“to protect the Church”
and to resist any encroachment on its liberty.
Sibelius, composer, was born in Hämeenlinna, Finland (d.
20 September 1957, Järvenpää).
Christian Friedrich Spittler, publisher of Bibles and
mission director, died at Basel, Switzerland (b. 12 April
First Vatican Council began.
Friedrich Filitz, composer, died at Bonn, Germany (b. 16
March 1804, Arnstadt, Thuringia).
Peter Cameron Scott
(b. 1867), American pioneer missionary and founder of the
Africa Inland Mission (AIM), died.
Henry Clay Trumbull
(b. 1830), American Congregational Sunday school leader,
John William Eloheimo, Suomi Synod founder, died (b. 9
December 1847, Sahalaks, Finland).
The Holocaust: The
Chelmno concentration camp in Poland, the first
Nazi extermination camp to use poison gas, began
McCollum v. Board of Education was argued before the
U.S. Supreme Court. At issue was the possible violation of
the First Amendment by religious education in public
1948 Concordia Lutheran School, Kowloon, Hong
Kong, was dedicated.
1962 The first session of the
Second Vatican Council closed.
consecrated as suffragan bishop of Massachusetts, the first
African American bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church
to serve a predominantly white diocese.
The fourth and final session of the
Second Vatican Council
1977 Michael J. Stelmachowicz Jr. (1927–2009)
was elected president of Concordia Teachers College
(Seward, Nebraska), becoming the seventh president of
school. He succeeded W. Th. Janzow, who had served as
president since 1963. Since 1973 Stelmachowicz had served as
president of Saint John's College (Winfield, Kansas).
Previous to that position, he was superintendent of the
Lutheran High School Association in Detroit. Stelmachowicz
also served as principal of Lutheran High School North in
Saint Louis and as teacher of education, director of
placement and dean of students at the Seward, Nebraska,
school. He held a doctorate from the University of Nebraska
and a theological diploma from Concordia Seminary (Saint