First Crusade: Massacre of
Maarrat al-Numan - Crusaders breached the town's walls
and massacred about 20,000 inhabitants. After finding
themselves with insufficient food, they resorted to
King Richard I
“the Lion Hearted,”
left England on the Third Crusade to retake Jerusalem, which
fell to Muslim general Saladin in 1187.
1531 The Apparition of
Our Lady of Guadalupe:
Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin saw the Blessed Virgin Mary
outside of modern-day Mexico City.
Council of Trent
John Craig, Scottish reformer, died (b. ca.
1512). He joined the Dominican order, but through reading
the Institutes of John Calvin he adopted Protestantism.
Imprisoned at Rome for heresy, he escaped (1559) and went to
Vienna, where he preached before Archduke Maximilian.
Returning to Scotland in 1560, he shortly became the
colleague of John Knox in Edinburgh. Chaplain to James VI
after 1579, he was the author of the King's Confession
(1581), on which was based the National Covenant of 1638.
1621 Justianus Ernst von Weltz, Lutheran
missionary to Dutch Guiana, was born, probably in Chemnitz,
Germany (d. 1668). He was of Austrian extraction. He issued
several mission treatises in 1663–1664
and was ordained by F. Breckling at Zwolle, Holland, in
1667 The Council of Moscow deposed Russian
Patriarch Nikon (1605–1681).
Cennick, English clergyman and hymnist, was born in
Reading, England, to Quaker parents (d. 4 July 1755).
John Reynell Wreford, hymnist, was born at Barnstaple,
England (d. 9 June 1881).
Frederick Henry Hedge, New England clergyman and
hymnist, was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 21 August
1808 The Bible Society of Philadelphia was
organized, the first of its kind in America, with
William White (1748–1836)
elected its first president.
Haldane (b. 28 February 1764), Scottish evangelist and
1850 L. J. Frohnmeier, missionary to Malabar
Coast, India, was born in Ludwigsburg, Wuerttemberg,
Germany. He was recalled in 1906 to be inspector of the
Nicolas Coccola, a French
Oblate missionary among
First Nations in British Columbia, Canada from 1880
until his death (1 March 1943), was born.
1866 A meeting called by
Charles Porterfield Krauth (1823–1883)
for Lutherans who held to the Unaltered Augsburg Confession
took place at Reading, Pennsylvania. Delegates from thirteen
Lutheran synods were present. The meeting led to the
formation of the General Council of the Lutheran Church in
1888 The American
Sabbath Union was organized.
Matthias Henry Richards, Lutheran professor and editor,
died (b. 17 June 1841, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania).
D. (David) Elton Trueblood, American Quaker theologian,
was born in Pleasantville, Iowa (d. 20 December 1994).
1917 In Nebraska, Father
Edward J. Flanagan (1886–1948)
Boys Town as a farm village for wayward boys.
1929 Bruce R. Backer, musician in the Wisconsin
Synod and a member of its Commission on Worship was born at
New Ulm, Minnesota.
1938 Paul Lindemann, president of the English
District of the Missouri Synod, died (b. 28 December 1881,
Pittsburgh). He attended Concordia College (Fort Wayne,
Indiana) and Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) and served as
pastor in Brooklyn, New York; Jersey City, New Jersey; and
Saint Paul, Minnesota. During World War I he was executive
secretary of the eastern department of the synod’s
Army and Navy Board. He was one of the founders of the
American Lutheran Publicity Bureau in 1917 and first editor
of its publication, the American Lutheran. He was a
vice-president of the English District for several years
before becoming president in 1936.
1948 The first unit of Good Shepherd Lutheran
Church, Mexico City, was dedicated.
Gustaf Axel Aho, hymn translator and president of the
Finnish American Evangelical Lutheran National Church, died
(b. 9 October 1897).
Wilbert E. Griesse, president of the Mid-South District
and chair of the LCMS Council of Presidents, died in Fort
Smith, Arkansas (b. 11 May 1917).
Alvin W. Mueller died in Peoria, Illinois (b. 1905). A 1930
graduate of Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis), he served from
1930 until he retired in 1963 at parishes in Kingfisher,
Oklahoma, and Nokomis and Decatur, Illinois. He was first
vice-president of the Central Illinois District from 1948 to
1954 and president of that district from 1954 to 1963.