Pope Callixtus II, whose pontificate was shaped by the
Investiture Controversy over who would control the
appointment of church officials, died.
(Moses ben Maimon) (b. 30 March 1135), medieval Jewish
Frederick II, the messianic German Emperor (1212–1250)
who fought repeatedly and heatedly with popes, died (b. 26
Berthold von Regensburg, the greatest preacher of the
Middle Ages, died (b. ca. 1220, Regensburg, Germany).
1294 After issuing a constitution giving popes the
right to quit,
(ca. 1215–1296) shocked
the world by resigning.
Charlier de Gerson, French theologian and church leader,
was born near Reims, France (d. 12 July 1429).
Speratus, hymnist and co-worker of Luther, was born in
Swabia (d. 12 August 1551).
Pope Sixtus V was born (d. 27 August 1590)
Council of Trent began.
Bank of the Holy Spirit (Italian: Il Banco di Santo
Spirito; Latin: Banco de Spiritus Sanctus) was
Pope Paul V (1552–1621). It
was the first national bank in Europe (as the bank of the
Papal States), the first public deposit bank in Rome and
the oldest continuously operating bank in Rome until its
merger in 1992.
Anna Sophia of Hesse-Darmstadt, hymnist, died at
Quedlinburg (b. 17 December 1638, Marburg).
Christian F. Gellert, hymnist, died at Leipzig (b. 4
July 1715, Hainichen, Saxony).
1793 Funeral services were held for
John Hatton, composer, at Saint Helens, Windle,
Lancaster, England (b. Warrington, England, September 1710).
William W. How, Anglican clergyman and hymnist, was born
in Shrewsbury, England (d. 10 August 1897, Leenane, County
Phillips Brooks, American Episcopal clergyman and
hymnist, was born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 23 January
Henry C. Wyneken, professor at Concordia Theological
Seminary (Springfield, Illinois) was born in Fort Wayne,
Indiana (d. 21 June 1899).
E. O. (Edwin Othello) Excell, American sacred music
chorister and writer, was born in Stark County, Ohio (d. 10
June 1921, Chicago, Illinois).
1895 Gustav Mahler's (1860–1911)
Resurrection Symphony premiered in Berlin.
Herman A. Bielenberg was born in Staten
Island, New York (d. 16 January 1989, Fort Lauderdale,
Florida). In 1938 Bielenberg wrote
the original script and supervised the production of
The Call of the Cross, a film about the Saxon
immigration of 1839, the first sound motion picture
produced by The Lutheran Church—Missouri
Friedrich Lindemann, professor at the Missouri Synod
teachers seminary at Addison, Illinois, died (b. 12 January
1851, Baltimore, Maryland).
Franklin Foster Fry, who helped organize the United
Lutheran Church, died (b. 1 November 1864, Carlisle,
Peter P. Bilhorn
(b. 22 July 1865, Mendota, Illinois), American music artist,
died at Los Angeles, California.
Archbishop Makarios (1913–1977)
became the first president of Cyprus.
Arthur Carl Piepkorn, Army chaplain, professor at
Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis), theologian, author and
specialist in Roman Catholic theology, died (b. 21 June
Alexander Schmemann, Orthodox Christian priest and
theologian (b. 13 May 1921).