Welcome to Concordia Historical Institute, Department of Archives and History for the Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod.

Today in History

December 14

872 Pope Adrian (or Hadrian) II died (b. 792).

1417 Sir John Oldcastle, English leader of the Lollards (Wyclifite), was martyred (b. ca. 1377, probably in the manor of Almeley, Herefordshire).

1586 Georg Calixtus, German-Danish Protestant theologian, was born in Medelby, Schleswig, Germany (d. 19 March 1656).

1591 John of the Cross, Spanish poet and renewer of the church, died (b. 24 June 1542, Fontiveros, Ávila, Spain).

1678 Daniel Neal, English Puritan historian, was born in London (d. 4 April 1743).

1715 Thomas Tenison (b. 29 September 1636), Archbishop of Canterbury beginning in 1695, died.

1773 Johannes Evangelista Gossner, founder of the Gossner Foreign Missionary Society, was born at Hausen (near Augsburg), Germany (d. 20 March 1858).

1788 Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, composer and the son of Johann Sebastian Bach, died (b. 8 March 1714).

1827 Helen Maria Williams, hymnist, died (b. 17 June 1761, North England).

1836 Frances Ridley Havergal, English hymnist, composer and devotional writer, was born in Astley, Worcestershire, England (d. 3 June 1879, Caswall Bay, near Swansea, Wales).

1847 Dorothy A. Thrupp (b. 20 June 1779), English hymn writer, died.

1853 Illinois Institute was begun by Wesleyan abolitionists. The school became Wheaton College after its president, Jonathan Blanchard, asked local landowner Warren Wheaton for a large property donation.

1861 Missionary L. I. Nommensen was sent to Sumatra (18341918).

1870 George August Romoser, editor of The Lutheran Witness (19001914), was born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 9 July 1936).

1875 Simeon Howard Calhoun, missionary, died in Buffalo, New York (b. 15 August 1804, Boston, Massachusetts).

1924 Radio station KFUO was dedicated in Saint Louis, Missouri.

1927 Olivia E. P. Stokes (b. 1847), American philanthropist, died. Olivia and her sister Caroline were born into a prominent New York City banking family that understood its responsibility to be a good steward of wealth. The sisters grew up amid their family's active work for temperance, abolition, Negro education, foreign missions, Bible and tract societies, the YMCA and children's hospitals. Neither sister married, and Olivia wrote several books, including a biography of her two closest friends: Letters and Memories of Susan and Anna Bartlett Warner (1925). Her friend Anna was the author of the children's hymn Jesus Loves Me, This I Know.

1938 Leonardo Boff, Brazilian Liberation theologian, was born.

1941 J. Adam Rimbach, hymn translator, died (b. 6 October 1871, Elyria, Ohio).

1961 Christian Keysser (Keyszer), missionary to New Guinea, died (b. 7 March 1877, Geroldsgrün, Bavaria).