Welcome to Concordia Historical Institute, Department of Archives and History for the Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod.

Today in History

December 16

345 Eusebius (ca. 283371; not to be confused with historian Eusebius of Caesarea), a champion of St. Athanasius and Catholic orthodoxy in the 4th century controversy over Arianism, became bishop of Vercelli, Italy.

875 Ado, archbishop of Vienne in Lotharingia, France (860875), died at Vienne (b. ca. 800 in the archdiocese of Sens, France).

1485 Catherine of Aragon, the first wife of Henry VIII, was born (d. 7 January 1536). Henry's seeking the annulment of their marriage led to the English Reformation.

1523 Bernhard Adelmann von Adelmannsfelde, humanist, died (b. ca. 1457/59, probably at Neubronn, Germany).

1534 Lukas Osiander the Elder, superintendent at Blaubeuren and Stuttgart, court preacher and consistorial councilor and abbot of Adelberg, also a hymnist, was born at Nürnberg, Germany (d. 1604).

1629 Ahasverus Fritsch, composer, was born at Muecheln near Marseberg, Germany (d. 24 August 1701).

1714 George Whitefield, English revivalist and founder of Calvinistic Methodism, was born in Gloucester, England (d. 30 September 1770).

1786 Conrad Kocher, German chorister and composer, was born at Dietzingen, Wuerttemberg (d. 12 March 1872, Stuttgart).

1826 John Ellerton, Anglican clergyman, hymnist and hymn translator, was born in London, England (d. 15 June 1893, Torquay, Devon, England).

1848 Georg Sverdrup, professor and president at the Augsburg Theological Seminary (Minneapolis, Minnesota), was born in Balestrand, near Bergen, Norway (d. 3 May 1907).

1854 Wendish (Slavic) Lutheran immigrants landed at Galveston, Texas. They soon moved on to Houston and then to Lee County, where they founded the town of Serbin.

1867 Amy Wilson Carmichael, Scottish-Irish missionary to India, was born in Millisle, Ireland (d. 18 January 1951).

1870 The Colored Methodist Episcopal Church of America was established at Jackson, Tennessee. At the general conference of 1954 in Memphis, Tennessee, the name of the denomination was changed to the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church.

1870 Alexis F. Lwoff (also written Lvov) (b. 5 June 1798), Russian soldier and sacred music organist, died.

1921 Friedrich Wilhelm August Notz, professor of Greek and Hebrew at Northwestern College (Watertown, Wisconsin), died (b. 2 February 1841, Lehren-Steinsfeld, near Weinsberg, Württemberg).

1935 Walter Stillman Martin (b. 8 March 1862), American clergyman, evangelist and composer, died.

1949 Martin Samuel Sommer, professor at Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) from 1920 to 1946 and co-editor of The Lutheran Witness from 1914 to 1949, died (b. 31 March 1869, Blenheim, Maryland).

1955 Preliminary plans for forming the Lutheran Church in America (LCA) were mailed to interested Lutheran bodies.

1956 John E. Herzer, pioneer Lutheran pastor in Canada and professor at Concordia College (Edmonton, Alberta, Canada), died in Edmonton (b. 26 August 1880, Plymouth, Wisconsin). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1904 and served as pastor at Dix and Durango, Colorado; Vernon, British Columbia; and Calgary, Alberta. He was also a missionary at large in British Columbia and Alaska, an immigrant missionary and director of young people's work in western Canada.

1989 Protest broke out in Timişoara in response to an attempt by the government to evict dissident Hungarian pastor, László Tőkés (b. 1 April 1952). The incident helped trigger the Romanian Revolution of 1989, which overthrew Nicolae Ceauşescu and spelled the end of the communist era in Romania.